(n.) = challenge ; gauntlet ; act of defiance ; defiance. Ex: The duration of the cycle varies markedly from institution to institution, dependent upon the adaptability of the institutional structure to challenge and change. Ex: Some time ago in a reference to the challenges of innovation, Steele (1983) described the 'gauntlet of innovation' as a process that has many barriers. Ex: Moreover, her fatness is an act of defiance; in a world in which women are taught to take up as little space as possible, Lilian learns to foist her way into the public sphere. Ex: Students relate easily to Mark Mathabane's questioning why he must attend school, his open defiance of his father, and his struggle to resist peer pressure. ---- * aceptar un reto = throw down + the gauntlet ; call + Posesivo + bluff ; throw + Posesivo + cap in(to) the ring ; throw + Posesivo + hat in(to) the ring ; toss + Posesivo + hat in(to) the ring ; toss + Posesivo + cap in(to) the ring. * afrontar un reto = address + a threat ; embrace + challenge. * encontrarse ante un reto = in the face of + challenge. * enfrentarse a un reto = face + a challenge ; meet + challenge ; undertake + challenge ; handle + a challenge ; confront + challenge. * hacer frente a un reto = rise (up) to + challenge ; confront + challenge ; meet + challenge ; embrace + challenge. * lleno de retos = challenging. * nuevos retos = new horizons. * plantear un reto = pose + a challenge. * presentar reto = defy. * presentar un reto = present + challenge ; provide + a challenge. * que constituye un reto = challenging. * que no representa reto = unchallenging. * reto + avecinarse = challenge + lie ahead. * reto deportivo = sporting challenge.