Translate Oxidize To English

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Related Terms:
alkalize
burn off
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erode
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gnaw
hydrogenate
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nitrate
oxidate
polymerize
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work

add oxygen to, unite with oxygen (e.g. burn); be united with oxygen; rust, corrode (also oxidise)


oxidize
\ox"i*dize\ (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. oxidized (?); p. pr. & vb. n. oxidizing.] (chem.) to combine with oxygen, or subject to the action of oxygen, or of an oxidizing agent. specifically: (a) to combine with oxygen or with more oxygen; to add oxygen to; as, to oxidize nitrous acid so as to form nitric acid. (b) to remove hydrogen from (anything), as by the action of oxygen; as, to oxidize alcohol so as to form aldehyde. (c) to subject to the action of oxygen or of an oxidizing agent, so as to bring to a higher grade, as an -ous compound to an -ic compound; as, to oxidize mercurous chloride to mercuric chloride.
note: in certain cases to oxidize is identical with to acidify; for, in nearly all cases, the more oxygen a substance contains the more nearly does it approximate to acid qualities; thus, by oxidation many elements, as sulphur, nitrogen, carbon, chromium, manganese, etc., pass into compounds which are acid anhydrides, and thus practically in the acid state.
oxidize
v : add oxygen to or combine with oxygen; as in a chemical process [syn: oxidise]
[ant: deoxidize]



Redox (reduction-oxidation) reactions include all chemical reactions in which atoms have their oxidation state changed; redox reactions generally involve the transfer of electrons between species.

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Verb
1. enter into a combination with oxygen or become converted into an oxide; "This metal oxidizes easily"
(synonym) oxidise, oxidate
(hypernym) change
(hyponym) rust
(verb-group) oxidise, oxidate
(derivation) oxidation, oxidization, oxidisation
2. add oxygen to or combine with oxygen
(synonym) oxidise, oxidate
(antonym) deoxidize, deoxidise, reduce
(hypernym) change, alter, modify
(hyponym) catabolize, catabolise
(verb-group) oxidise, oxidate
(derivation) oxidation, oxidization, oxidisation
(classification) chemistry, chemical science


To chemically transform a substance by combining it with oxygen. See chemical reaction.

To chemically transform a substance by combining it with oxygen.

(v. t.)
To subject to the action of oxygen or of an oxidizing agent, so as to bring to a higher grade, as an -ous compound to an -ic compound; as, to oxidize mercurous chloride to mercuric chloride.
   (v. t.)
To remove hydrogen from (anything), as by the action of oxygen; as, to oxidize alcohol so as to form aldehyde.
   (v. t.)
To combine with oxygen, or subject to the action of oxygen, or of an oxidizing agent.
   (v. t.)
To combine with oxygen or with more oxygen; to add oxygen to; as, to oxidize nitrous acid so as to form nitric acid.
  

Action where surface of metal is combined with oxygen in the air to produce rust, scale , etc.

Compare with reduction .Oxidation is the loss of one or more electrons by an atom, molecule, or ion. Oxidation is accompanied by an increase in oxidation number on the atoms, molecules, or ions that lose electrons.


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