Translation of Bureaucracy in English

Bureaucracy Translation

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Bureaucracy in English
government of made up of many bureaus and administrators; paperwork and "red tape" that characterizes a bureaucracy

Dictionary source: Babylon English-English
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Bureaucracy in Greek
γραφειοκρατία

Dictionary source: Babylon English-Greek Dictionary
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Bureaucracy in Chinese (s)
官僚; 官僚机构; 官僚作风

Dictionary source: Babylon English-Chinese (S) Dictionary
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Bureaucracy in Chinese (t)
官僚; 官僚機構; 官僚作風

Dictionary source: Babylon English-Chinese (T) Dictionary
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Bureaucracy in Arabic
بيروقراطية, روتين, رتابة

Dictionary source: Babylon English-Arabic Dictionary
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Bureaucracy in Spanish
burocracia

Dictionary source: Babylon English-Spanish Dictionary
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Bureaucracy in Russian
бюрократия, бюрократизм

Dictionary source: Babylon English-Russian Dictionary
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Bureaucracy in Dutch
bureaucratie

Dictionary source: Babylon English-Dutch Dictionary
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Bureaucracy in Portuguese
burocracia, papelada

Dictionary source: Babylon English-Portuguese Dictionary
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Bureaucracy in Turkish
bürokrasi, kırtasiyecilik, devlet memurları

Dictionary source: Babylon English-Turkish Dictionary
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Bureaucracy in Italian
burocrazia

Dictionary source: Babylon English-Italian Dictionary
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Bureaucracy in French
bureaucratie, pouvoir de l'administration, paperasserie

Dictionary source: Babylon English-French Dictionary
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Bureaucracy in German
Bürokratie, Beamtentum

Dictionary source: Babylon English-German Dictionary
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Bureaucracy in Japanese
官僚政治; 官僚制度; 官僚主義; 官吏; お役所仕事

Dictionary source: Babylon English-Japanese Dictionary
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Bureaucracy in Hebrew
ניירת, שלטון פקידים, ביורוקרטיה

Dictionary source: Babylon English-Hebrew Dictionary
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Bureaucracy in Korean
관료 정치; 관료주의로 특징 지어지는 번잡한 사무절차

Dictionary source: Babylon English-Korean Dictionary
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Bureaucracy in Swedish
pappersexercis; ämbetsmannavälde, byråkrati

Dictionary source: Babylon English-Swedish Dictionary
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Bureaucracy in English
bureaucracy
\bu*reau"cra*cy\ (&?;), n. [bureau + gr. &?; to be strong, to govern, &?; strength: cf. f. bureaucratie.]
1. a system of carrying on the business of government by means of departments or bureaus, each under the control of a chief, in contradiction to a system in which the officers of government have an associated authority and responsibility; also, government conducted on this system.
2. government officials, collectively.


Dictionary source: hEnglish - advanced version
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A bureaucracy is "a body of nonelective government officials" and/or "an administrative policy-making group." Historically, bureaucracy referred to government administration managed by departments staffed with nonelected officials. In modern parlance, bureaucracy refers to the administrative system governing any large institution.

See more at Wikipedia.org...


Copyright: © This article uses material from Wikipedia® and is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License and under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License Dictionary source: Wikipedia English - The Free Encyclopedia
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Noun
1. nonelective government officials
(synonym) bureaucratism
(hypernym) government officials, officialdom
(hyponym) Pentagon
(member-meronym) civil service


Dictionary source: WordNet 2.0
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maorlathas

Dictionary source: Concise English-Irish Dictionary v. 1.1
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A formal organization marked by a clear hierarchy of authority, the existence of written rules of procedure, staffed by full-time salaried officials, and striving for the efficient attainment of organizational goals.

Dictionary source: Glossary of Sociology
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Organizations that implement government policies.

Dictionary source: National Standards for Civics and Government
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(n.)
Government officials, collectively.
   (n.)
A system of carrying on the business of government by means of departments or bureaus, each under the control of a chief, in contradiction to a system in which the officers of government have an associated authority and responsibility; also, government conducted on this system.
  

Copyright: Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913), edited by Noah Porter. About Dictionary source: Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)
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Government by departments of men transacting particular branches of public business.

Dictionary source: for Vocabulary Exams of KPDS, YDS,UDS (in Turkey); and SAT in America
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In ordinary usage, "bureaucracy" refers to a complex, specialized organization (especially a governmental organization) composed of non-elected, highly trained professional administrators and clerks hired on a full-time basis to perform administrative services and tasks. Bureaucratic organizations are broken up into specialized departments or ministries, to each of which is assigned responsibility for pursuing a limited number of the government's many official goals and policies -- those falling within a single relatively narrow functional domain. The departments or ministries are subdivided into divisions that are each assigned even more specialized responsibilities for accomplishing various portions or aspects of the department's overall tasks, and these divisions are in turn composed of multiple agencies or bureaus with even more minutely specialized functions (and their own subdivisions). Bureaucratic organizations always rely heavily on the principle of hierarchy and rank, which requires a clear, unambiguous chain of command through which "higher" officials supervise the "lower" officials, who of course supervise their own subordinate administrators within the various subdivisions and sub-subdivisions of the organization.
Bureaucratic organizations are typically charcterized by great attention to the precise and stable delineation of authority or jurisdiction among the various subdivisions and among the officials who comprise them, which is done mainly by requiring the organization's employees to operate strictly according to fixed procedures and detailed rules designed to routinize nearly all decision-making. Some of the most important of these rules and procedures may be specified in laws or decrees enacted by the higher "political" authorities that are empowered to set the official goals and general policies for the organization, but upper-level (and even medium-level) bureaucrats typically are delegated considerable discretionary powers for elaborating their own detailed rules and procedures. Because the incentive structures of bureaucratic organizations largely involve rewarding strict adherence to formal rules and punishing unauthorized departures from standard operating procedures (rather than focussing on measureable individual contributions toward actually attaining the organization's politically assigned goals), such organizations tend to rely very heavily upon extensive written records and standardized forms, which serve primarily to document the fact that all decisions about individual "cases" were taken in accordance with approved guidelines and procedures rather than merely reflecting the personal preferences or subjective judgment of the individual bureaucrat involved.
The classic social scientific analysis of bureaucracy was that of the pioneer sociologist Max Weber in his 1922 book Economy and Society. Weber, like the good German he was, believed that a permanent, well-educated, conscientious, "non-partisan," Prussian-style bureaucracy professionally committed to implementing whatever decisions the legitimate rulers of the state might arrive at was the best organizational form yet discovered for the rational and efficient pursuit of collective social goals in a modern society with a specialized and highly complex division of labor . In his writings, Weber devoted considerable attention to showing ways in which the gradual evolution of modern bureaucratic methods and values helped to remove the formidable obstacles to economic development, social advancement and political stability that had been inherent in the much less professionalized and systematized practices of government administration in feudal Europe and most other premodern societies. More...


Copyright: Dictionary source: A Glossary of Political Economy Terms
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Ideal type of a formal organization in society, characterized by a hierarchical legitimation of authority with powers and responsibility assigned to the offices rather then to the salaried employees occupying positions in this hierarchy. A rational differentiation of goal-oriented activities and behavior S assigning functions to each office or position, and a codification of legal rules of conduct, of written communications, records, documents and contracts regulating and maintaining the organization as a whole (Weber). (krippendorff )

Copyright: Dictionary source: Web Dictionary of Cybernetics and Systems
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Bureaucracy in Greek
(Lex**) γραφειοκρατία

Dictionary source: English-Greek Technical Dictionary
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Ουσ. γραφειοκρατία

Dictionary source: English - Greek Dictionary
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Bureaucracy in Esperanto
n. burokrataro

Dictionary source: English-Esperanto Dictionary
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burokrataro

Dictionary source: English Esperanto Dictionary (M.F.)
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Bureaucracy in Chinese (s)

[bju2'r0kr2si] n.官僚政治

Dictionary source: English-Chinese (S) GRE Red Bible
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[E] bureaucracy (n) [P] burocracia (f) [C] 官僚政治

Dictionary source: English-Chinese (S) Dictionary
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Bureaucracy in Interlingua
bureaucratia

Dictionary source: Concise English Interlingua Dictionary
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Bureaucracy in Arabic

N
الدواوينية حكومة تتركز السلطة فيها بأيدى جماعات من الموظفين

Dictionary source: English Arabic Dictionary
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اسْم : البيروقراطيّة وهي حكومة تتركّز السلطة فيها بأيدي جماعات من الموظفين . أصحاب السلطة من موظّفي هذه الحكومة . روتين حكومي


Dictionary source: Concise English-Arabic Dictionary
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ألاسم

بِيرُوقْراطِيّة ; رُوتِينٌ حُكُومِيّ


ethar1@yahoo.com

Dictionary source: English to Arabic Dictionary
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Bureaucracy in Visayan
burokrasya

Dictionary source: English-Visayan Dictionary
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Bureaucracy in Czech
byrokracie

Dictionary source: English Czech Dictionary
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Bureaucracy in Estonian
bürokraatia

Dictionary source: English Estonian Dictionary
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Bureaucracy in Indonesian
cara kerja yang lambat penuh aturan,birokrasi

Dictionary source: English - Indonesian Dictionary
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birokrasi
my child #02

Dictionary source: Mas NDon English Indonesian Dictionary
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birokrasi

Dictionary source: English-Indonesian Online Dictionary
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birokrasi
Balifolder.com


Dictionary source: English Indonesian Dictionary
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Bureaucracy in Spanish
burocracia

Dictionary source: English_Spanish by Jaime Aguirre
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(n.) = burocracia.
Ex: It's a staggering list of accomplishments, and considering bureaucracy and some of the internal problems of the Library of Congress, I think that the Library deserves a great deal of credit and commendation.
----
* the wheels of bureaucracy turn/grind slowly = las cosas de palacio andan despacio.


Dictionary source: English Spanish Dictionary (Granada University, Spain), 7.7
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burocracia

Dictionary source: English-Spanish Online Dictionary
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Bureaucracy in Russian
[n.]
1)
бюрократия
2) бюрократизм

Dictionary source: English-Russian Dictionary (Morteza)
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(n) бюрократический аппарат; бюрократическое управление; бюрократия; государственные чиновники; чиновничий аппарат

Copyright: Learn more at ling98.com Dictionary source: English-Russian Lingvistica Dictionary
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бюрократия

Dictionary source: English-Russian Dictionary (Dogan)
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бюрократия

Dictionary source: English-Russian Online Dictionary
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n. 1. собир. бюрократия 2. бюрократизм

Dictionary source: English-Russian Dictionary (Mueller24)
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Bureaucracy in Portuguese
[administração] burocracia

Dictionary source: English Portuguese Dictionary (Oliveira)
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Bureaucracy in Turkish
bürokrasi

Dictionary source: English Turkish Dictionary
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bürokrasi, kirtasiyecilik

Dictionary source: English Turkish Dictionary (M. Yildiz)
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i. 1. bürokrasi, kırtasiyecilik. 2. devlet memurları.

Dictionary source: Saja English Turkish Dictionary
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i. 1. bürokrasi, kırtasiyecilik. 2. devlet memurları.

Dictionary source: English Turkish Dictionary (Magnetron)
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bürokrasi

Dictionary source: Erzin English Turkish Dictionary
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Bureaucracy in Thai
ncu. บีวร้อคคเร็อซิ (พบน้อย)
1. การเมืองแบบเจ้าขุนมูลนาย หรือรัฐมนตรีที่ไม่ติดดิน

Dictionary source: English - Thai Dictionary (Loy)
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(บิวรอค'ระซี) n. การปกครองระบบเจ้าขุนมูลนาย,กลุ่มของข้าราชการ,กลุ่มของนักบริหาร,ระบบบริหารที่มีพิธีรีตองมากเกินไป คำที่มีความหมายเหมือนกัน: civil service,red tape

Dictionary source: Eci English Thai Dictionary
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พวกข้าราชการ

Dictionary source: English - Thai Dictionary
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Bureaucracy in Vietnamese
Chế độ quan liêu, thói thư lại

Dictionary source: English Vietnamese Philosophy Dictionary
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[bjuə'rɔkrəsi]

◊ danh từ

▪ quan lại, công chức (nói chung); bọn quan liêu

▪ chế độ quan liêu; bộ máy quan liêu

▪ thói quan liêu



Dictionary source: English Vietnamese Dictionary
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Bureaucracy in Romanian
birocratie

Dictionary source: English Romanian Dictionary (MF)
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1. birocratie, birocratism
2. birocrati

Dictionary source: English Romanian Dictionary (RDE)
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birocratie; aparat de stat

Dictionary source: English Romanian Dictionary (DM)
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birocratie; birocratism

Dictionary source: DERFOC English-Romanian Dictionary
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Bureaucracy in Catalan
s ANTROPOL burocràcia

Dictionary source: English Catalan Dictionary of Anthropology
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s burocràcia

Dictionary source: English Catalan Dictionary
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Bureaucracy in Polish
biurokracja f

Dictionary source: English Polish Dictionary (Gold)
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biurokracja

Dictionary source: English Polish Dictionary
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Bureaucracy in French
bureaucracy [bjLB'rKkrBsN] n Pej bureaucratie f.

Dictionary source: English French Dictionary (Kelkouli Rédha)
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bureaucratie

Dictionary source: English-French Online Dictionary
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Bureaucracy in Bulgarian
бюрокрация; бюрократизъм; канцеларщина;

Dictionary source: English-Bulgarian Dictionary
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[bju@'rЈkr@si] n 1. административен апарат, бюрокрация; 2

Dictionary source: English Bulgarian Dictionary (fro Terry)
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[bjuъ'rОkrъsi] n 1. административен апарат, бюрокрация; 2. бюрократизъм, бюрокрация.

Dictionary source: English Bulgarian Dictionary
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Bureaucracy in Croatian
birokracija

Dictionary source: English Croatian Dictionary(Igaly)
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birokracija , notari , pisari

Dictionary source: English Croatian Dictionary(Mijic)
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državna uprava

Dictionary source: English Croatian Dictionary
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Bureaucracy in German
Bürokratie

Copyright: Dictionary source: English-German Online Dictionary
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Bureaucracy in Persian
رعايت‌ تشريفات‌ اداري‌ بحد افراط، تاسيسات‌ اداري‌،حكومت‌ اداري‌، مجموع‌ گماشتگان‌ دولتي‌، كاغذ پراني‌،ديوان‌ سالاري‌

Dictionary source: Salaty English Persian Dictionary (Text )
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Dictionary source: Salaty English Persian Dictionary (Graphics)
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مجموع گماشتگان دولتي، تاسيسات اداري، ديوان سالاري، حكومت اداري، رعايت تشريفات اداري بحدافراط، كاغذپراني

Dictionary source: HmT English Persian Dictionary
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ديوانسالارى ،رعايت تشريفات ادارى بحد افراط،تاسيسات ادارى ،حکومت ادارى ،مجموع گماشتگان دولتى ،کاغذ پرانى ،ديوان سالارى
روانشناسى : ديوان سالارى
بازرگانى : بوروکراسى

Dictionary source: English Persian Dictionary (Hojjat Rabiee)
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كاغذ پراني‌ ، ديوان‌ سالاري‌ .رعايت‌ تشريفات‌ اداري‌بحد بحد افراط‌، تاسيسات‌ اداري‌، حكومت‌ اداري‌، مجموع‌ گماشتگان‌ دولتي‌

Dictionary source: Farajbeik English Persian Dictionary (v.2)
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ü—َّ¢ ِ‘ً—ھ‘ًُ لُّ›ُ ٹ‎¤گ¢گ –ُّîں ٹ‎¤گ¢گ –‘¨‏¨‘— ٹ¯گ¤êگ ¢ں“ ¢ں“‎¤گ¢گ –‘ê‏¤ھ— –‏‘ن¤. ‎¤ٍ‘¨ ِگّ‏¢ ٹ ü÷گ¤• £è‘î

Dictionary source: Farajbeik English Persian Dictionary (v.1)
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Bureaucracy in Serbian
Birokratija

Dictionary source: English Serbian Dictionary
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Bureaucracy in Albanian
[bju'rokrësi] n. burokraci

Dictionary source: English-Albanian Dictionary (Bujar.S)
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Bureaucracy in Mongolian
n. хїнд суртал.

Dictionary source: Temuka's English-Mongolian Dictionary
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хүнд сурталтан

Copyright: Copyright©2004 Amar A. AACS. All rights reserved. Dictionary source: AACS English-Mongolian Dictionary
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Bureaucracy in Urdu
n. daftar SHaahi/naukar SHaahi/zaabitah parasti

Dictionary source: English-Urdu dictionary
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n.
دفتر والوں کي حکومت - عمال - منصدي پن - دفتري حکومت


Dictionary source: English-Urdu Dictionary v0.91b
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Bureaucracy in Slovak
birokracija; state ~ državna birokracija

Dictionary source: Bidirectional English Slovenian Dictionary
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Bureaucracy in Ukrainian
(n) бюрократія; бюрократизм

Copyright: Learn more at ling98.com Dictionary source: English-Ukrainian Dictionary
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