Translation of Adrenal gland in English

Adrenal gland Translation

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Adrenal gland in English
one of two hormone secreting glands functioning in the Endocrine system

Dictionary source: Babylon English-English
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Adrenal gland in Greek
επινεφρίδιοι αδένες

Dictionary source: Babylon English-Greek Dictionary
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Adrenal gland in Chinese (s)
肾上腺

Dictionary source: Babylon English-Chinese (S) Dictionary
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Adrenal gland in Chinese (t)
腎上腺

Dictionary source: Babylon English-Chinese (T) Dictionary
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Adrenal gland in Arabic
الغدة الكظرية , احد من الغدتين المفرزنين لهرمون ما اللتين تعملان في جهاز غدد الصم

Dictionary source: Babylon English-Arabic Dictionary
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Adrenal gland in Spanish
glándulas de adrenalina

Dictionary source: Babylon English-Spanish Dictionary
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Adrenal gland in Dutch
bijnier

Dictionary source: Babylon English-Dutch Dictionary
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Adrenal gland in Portuguese
glândula urinária, glândula renal

Dictionary source: Babylon English-Portuguese Dictionary
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Adrenal gland in Turkish
böbreküstü bezi

Dictionary source: Babylon English-Turkish Dictionary
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Adrenal gland in Italian
capsula surrenale, ghiandola surrenale

Dictionary source: Babylon English-Italian Dictionary
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Adrenal gland in French
glande ou capsule surrénale

Dictionary source: Babylon English-French Dictionary
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Adrenal gland in German
Adrenalindrüse

Dictionary source: Babylon English-German Dictionary
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Adrenal gland in Japanese
副腎 副腎

Dictionary source: Babylon English-Japanese Dictionary
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Adrenal gland in Hebrew
בלוטת יותרת הכליה

Dictionary source: Babylon English-Hebrew Dictionary
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Adrenal gland in Swedish
binjure

Dictionary source: Babylon English-Swedish Dictionary
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Adrenal gland in English
In mammals, the adrenal glands (also known as suprarenal glands) are endocrine glands that sit at the top of the kidneys; in humans, the right adrenal gland is triangular shaped, while the left adrenal gland is semilunar shaped. They are chiefly responsible for releasing hormones in response to stress through the synthesis of corticosteroids such as cortisol and catecholamines such as adrenaline (epinephrine) and noradrenaline. These endocrine glands also produce androgens in their innermost cortical layer. The adrenal glands affect kidney function through the secretion of aldosterone, and recent data (1998) suggest that adrenocortical cells under pathological as well as under physiological conditions show neuroendocrine properties; within the normal adrenal, this neuroendocrine differentiation seems to be restricted to cells of the zona glomerulosa and might be important for an autocrine regulation of adrenocortical function.

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Copyright: © This article uses material from Wikipedia® and is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License and under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License Dictionary source: Wikipedia English - The Free Encyclopedia
More: English to English translation of Adrenal gland
[ah-DREE-nal]
A small gland that produces steroid hormones, adrenaline, and noradrenaline, which help control heart rate, bloodpressure, and other important body functions. There are two adrenal glands,one located on top of each kidney. 

Copyright: A Service of the National Cancer Institute. Dictionary source: NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms
More: English to English translation of Adrenal gland
Noun
1. either of a pair of complex endocrine glands situated near the kidney
(synonym) adrenal, suprarenal gland
(hypernym) endocrine gland, endocrine, ductless gland
(part-holonym) kidney
(part-meronym) adrenal cortex


Dictionary source: WordNet 2.0
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an organ located above each kidney that produces various hormones. The medulla (inner part) of the adrenal gland secretes adrenaline (epinephrine). The cortex (outer part) secretes steroids such as cortisol and certain androgens. The adrenal cortex are stimulated to produce hormones by the pituitary hormone ACTH; reduced secretion (adrenal insufficiency) can lead to fatigue, anorexia and weight loss.

Copyright: Aegis Dictionary source: Aids Glossary
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abru-kapol-nafek

Dictionary source: English to Federation-Standard Golic Vulcan
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Adrenal gland in Greek
Ουσ. επινεφρίδιο

Dictionary source: English - Greek Dictionary
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Adrenal gland in Esperanto
surrena glando

Dictionary source: English Esperanto Dictionary (M.F.)
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Adrenal gland in Spanish
glándula suprarrenal, cápsula suprarrenal

Dictionary source: English_Spanish by Jaime Aguirre
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glándulas suprarrenales

Dictionary source: English Spanish Dictionary
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Adrenal gland in Turkish
böbrek üstü torbası

Dictionary source: English Turkish Dictionary
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böbreküstü bezi

Dictionary source: English Turkish Dictionary (M. Yildiz)
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böbrek üstü torbasi

Dictionary source: Saja English Turkish Dictionary
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BÖBREKÜSTÜ BEZİ

Dictionary source: English Turkish Technical Dictionary
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böbrek üstü torbası,böbreküstü bezi

Dictionary source: Erzin English Turkish Dictionary
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Adrenal gland in Thai
ต่อมหมวกไต มีส่วนประกอบ 2 ส่วน 1. ส่วนเปลือก(adrenal cortex) ทำหน้าที่สร้างฮอร์โมน 1.1 กลูโคคอร์ติคอยด์ แยกย่อยได้แก่ cortisone ,hydrocortisone ซึ่งทำหน้าที่ในการเผาผลาญคาร์โบไฮเดรต ไขมัน และโปรตีน ทำให้จำนวนกลูโคสในเลือดเพิ่มขึ้น และไกลโคเจนจะถูกสะสมในตับมากขึ้น ดังนั้นจะเห็นว่าฮอร์โมนนี้จะทำหน้าที่ตรงข้ามกับ insulin ในขณะที่ร่างกายเครียดจะหลั่ง ACTH และ cortisoneออกมาโดยผ่านทาง higher center ของระบบประสาทส่วนกลาง เราจึงมักพบ cortisone ในสภาวะที่ร่างกายได้รับความเจ็บปวด ถูกของร้อน มีคม ไข้สูง ฯลฯ 1.2 ไมเนอราลคอร์ติคอยด์ แยกย่อยได่แก่ aldosterone deoxycorticosterone ซึ่งมีจำนวนน้อย ทั้งสองฮอร์โมนทำหน้าที่ควบคุมน้ำและเกลือแร่ 1.3 sex hormone แยกย่อยได้เป็น Estrogen Progesterone Androgen 2. ส่วนแกน(adrenal medulla) ทำหน้าที่ผลิตฮอร์โมนสำคัญคือ 2.1 adrenaline หรือ epinephrine ทำให้หัวใจเต้นแรง ความดันเลือดเพิ่มขึ้น เส้นเลือดที่ผิวหนังและอวัยวะภายในบีบตัว อัตาาการหายใจเพิ่มขึ้น เร่งการสลาย glycogen ในตับเพื่อเปลี่ยนเป็น glucose ทำให้นเตาลในเลือดสูงขึ้น 2.2 noradrenaline ไม่มีผลต่อการเผาผลายอาหารในร่างกาย แต่มีผลทำให้เลือดหดตัว หัวใจเต้นช้าลง ความดันเลือดสุงขึ้น ขยายหลอดลม แต่ไม่มีผลต่อระดับ้ำตาลในเลือด

Dictionary source: Eci English Thai Dictionary
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ต่อมอัดรี-แน็ล

Dictionary source: English - Thai Dictionary
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Adrenal gland in Vietnamese

◊ (giải phẫu) tuyến thượng thận



Dictionary source: English Vietnamese Dictionary
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Adrenal gland in Croatian
nadbubrežna žlijezda

Dictionary source: English Croatian Dictionary(Igaly)
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nadbubrežna žlijezda

Dictionary source: English Croatian Dictionary
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Adrenal gland in Persian
غده‌ء‌ فوق‌ كليوي‌

Dictionary source: Salaty English Persian Dictionary (Text )
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Dictionary source: Salaty English Persian Dictionary (Graphics)
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غده ء فوق کليوى
 کلمات مرتبط(2)  کلمات مرتبط(adrenal gland):



بازگشت به واژه adrenal gland


adrenal 
 gland 



Dictionary source: English Persian Dictionary (Hojjat Rabiee)
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غده‌ء فوق‌ كليوي‌ غده‌ ، هر عضو ترشح‌ كننده‌ ، دشبل‌ ، غده‌ عرقي‌ ، حشفه‌ مرد، بظ‌ر زن‌

Dictionary source: Farajbeik English Persian Dictionary (v.2)
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‎ّ‏َî ëّê ڈù¢è

Dictionary source: Farajbeik English Persian Dictionary (v.1)
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Adrenal gland in Swedish
binjure

Copyright: Tom van der Meijden Dictionary source: English-Swedish Online Dictionary
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